Truk dan Bus Hino Siap Gunakan Bahan Bakar B30

Sejak 2010 Hino secara intens melakukan riset dan pengembangan produk khusus biodiesel baik uji durabilitas maupun uji emisi di laboratorium di Indonesia dan Jepang.


HINO Motor Sales Indonesia (HMSI) pada 2020 ini mulai mempersiapkan semua produk bis dan truknya untuk menggunakan bahan bakar biodiesel B30.

Hal tersebut sesuai Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (Permen ESDM) No 12 tahun 2015 tentang penyediaan, pemanfaatan dan tata niaga bahan bakar nabati (biofuel) sebagai bahan bakar lain yang mulai berlaku 1 Januari 2020.

Direktur Penjualan dan Promosi HMSI Santiko Wardoyo mengatakan sejak 2010 Hino secara intens melakukan riset dan pengembangan produk khusus biodiesel ini, baik uji durabilitas maupun uji emisi di laboratorium di Indonesia dan Jepang, untuk dilakukan pengecekan secara ilmiah.

“Apa yang dikerjakan Hino dalam riset itu kiranya bukan hanya untuk mengembangkan spesifikasi produk Hino yang cocok menggunakan biodiesel, melainkan juga riset untuk mengembangkan spesifikasi bahan bakar biodiesel itu sendiri,” kata Santiko saat gathering media di Hotel Century Park Senayan, Jakarta, Kamis (23/1).

Salah satu contohnya adalah penelitian perihal kandungan logam di dalamnya. Pada B20 tidak diatur kandungan logam, sementara di B30 diatur kandungan beberapa jenis logam seperti kalium, kalsium, natrium dan magnesium.

Efek yang ditimbulkan dari kandungan logam tersebut ternyata bisa menyebabkan filter bahan bakar dan injektor mengalami penyumbatan. Dengan begitu, aliran bahan bakar ke ruang bakar tidaklah sempurna, sehingga membuat performa mesin kurang optimal.

“Dengan pengunaan bahan bakar B30, diharapkan pengusaha dan pengemudi truk melakukan kontrol dan perawatan lebih rutin. Ini dibutuhkan untuk mencegah atau meminimalisasi penyumbatan filter, sehingga kondisi kendaraan tetap terjaga, dan bisnis dapat terus berjalan,” ucap Santiko.

Mengenai dua test yang dilakukan Hino dalam menghadapi B30 untuk mesin Euro 2 yang saat ini digunakan. Juga mesin Euro 4 yang akan digunakan pada 2021. Uji mesin Hino dilakukan di laboratorium dengan kondisi beban, dan daya maksimum pada putaran mesin 2500 rpm selama 400 jam.

Demikian pula setara dengan 40.000 km pada pemakaian maksimum yang menggambarkan kondisi kendaraan dipacu dalam kondisi ekstrem melebihi keadaan sesungguhnya di lapangan atau pengoperasian aktual kendaraan sehari-hari.

Dengan begitu, didapatkan hasil atau rekomendasi terkait penyesuaian karakteristik mesin dan kendaraan Hino yang tepat. Adapun pengujian di laboratorium, karena semua parameter mesin dapat diuji secara ilmiah, sehingga diperoleh hasil lebih akurat.

Parameter mesin yang diuji antara lain daya, torsi, konsumsi bahan bakar, dan dampak terhadap komponen. Berdasarkan hasil uji tersebut, Hino mengaku sudah melakukan penyesuaian spesifikasi kendaraan, sesuai karakteristik bahan bakar biodiesel.

Akibatnya, potensi terhadap dampak atau pengaruh yang timbul pada saat penggunaan biodiesel, termasuk B30, dapat diminimalisasi agar ke depannya operasional bisnis pelanggan tidak mengalami gangguan. (S-5)


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